Civil Litigation involves disputes of civil or private rights. Typically, an individual, entity or organization will initiate a claim against a defendant alleging the defendant to have caused damage of some type and degree. The government can also bring claims through the civil or administrative process. A claim, called a complaint, is filed in court and requests a remedy, usually monetary relief. During the litigation phase the parties will engage in the discovery process so that each side can gain an understanding of the factual claims made by witnesses or documents and the defenses to those claims. If the dispute cannot be resolved, the matter will proceed to trial where the plaintiff is required to prove its claims by a preponderance of the evidence.