Mail Fraud and Wire Fraud

Primary investigative jurisdiction of possible violations of the mail and wire fraud statutes is vested in the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Mail Fraud is alleged to have occurred after (1) having devised or intending to devise a scheme to defraud and (2) use of the mail for the purpose of executing, or attempting to execute, the scheme or specified fraudulent acts.  18 USC § 1341.  Similarly, Wire Fraud occurs through the use of a scheme to defraud but requires the use of an interstate telephone call or electronic communication made in furtherance of the scheme rather than the mail.  18 USC § 1343